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Frankincense and Copal, Cinnamon and Sustainability

Cinnamon and Cassia according to geographical locations, public domain image
Cinnamon and Cassia according to geographical locations
public domain image
This post has been updated.

In an effort to look into sustainable practices and corresponding incenses from the Americas, we will be exploring substitutes for frankincense incense. At the moment, cinnamon looks very promising for sustainability.

If this is a practice you would like to see continued, please consider donating some cinnamon incense for Temple of Fortuna dot com's Sunday morning sacred space, which is held from 11am to 12pm Pacific Time.

We began the search by acquiring a sample stick of copal, and lighting it alongside the traditional frankincense incense this Sunday morning. At the end of the worship service, half the copal was available to use for the future, and will be burned alongside frankincense again next Sunday.

However, after burning 1/2 stick of copal incense, we found ourselves looking deeper into the sustainability of the more popular wood-based incenses, and we did not find verification that any of the wild-crafted woods are sustainable over the long-term for mass consumption.

Many wood species available for purchase easily and inexpensively may actually be endangered, according to various online resources. Included as threatened, or possibly threatened, according to various online sources:

palo santo
copal (copal includes several species of trees)

These are all popular and widely available aromatic woods, yet no evidence is shown that any of these trees are grown sustainably and commercially, as are fruit and nut trees known to our kitchens and dining rooms .

Cinnamon is the most obvious cultivated tree that is protected and sustainable as a crop, probably because of its long tradition of culinary uses.

Cinnamon, synchronicitously, was highly valued in ancient Rome, and some resources associate cinnamon with a Temple to Peace, and possibly a Temple to Jupiter.

Despite being known to the ancients, cinnamon was not among the aromatics listed in the original Orphic Hymns, which leaves it open to interpretation whether cinnamon could effectively substitute for other wood-based Orphic incenses until the more well known aromatic trees become sustainable for mass production.

Cinnamon may be found in combination with fruit scents in stick incense, which may combine the essence of aromatic wood with fruits of the harvest, and the cornucopia of the Goddess Fortuna.

Examples in the widely available "Hem" incense line are:

Cinnamon Apple
Cinnamon Orange
Cinnamon Tangerine
as well as plain Cinnamon and Cinnamon Rose

Depending on whether all these incenses smell good and seem appropriate scents for the time, place and reason they are being used, it's possible to use a cinnamon scent that matches the season and what is available at farmer's markets. (apples in autumn, orange and tangerine in summer, etc.)

Other cinnamon blends found in the Hem and a few other incense brands (as noted) are:

Coco Cinnamon ("Attracts Money and Security")
Call Money (subdued cinnamon tones)
Scorpio, Scents of the Zodiac (cinnamon)
Spicy Pink (Nutmeg and Cinnamon blend)
Flora Cinnamon (Cinnamon with floral overtones)
Madre Maria ("Contra Jealousy" spicy cinnamon)
Ramakrishnananda, Ganga Brand (Cinnamon, Lavender, and Jasmine)
Christmas Kiss, Wild Berry Brand (bayberry, cinnamon stick, and bergamot orange, hand dipped, made in America)
Cinnamon Patchouli
Vanilla Cinnamon
Apple, Cinnamon and Clove, bic brand ("purify the atmosphere... balance body and spirit")
Black Magic (spice with cinnamon and vanilla)
Clove Cinnamon
Pine Cinnamon
Prosperity, Flower Child Brand (cinnamon)
Cinnamon Masala

There are also many other suppliers have cinnamon incense, and some of these may include high quality, ethical, vegan, and organic companies that only handle sustainable products. And, of course, natural cinnamon from the kitchen may be used in various pleasantly aromatic ways.

It may make sense to think about substituting cinnamon for frankincense when we use aromatic woods for sacred space, until and unless we have access to our own, locally grown aromatic trees, or the industry chooses to become sustainable by growing traditional aromatic woods as crops.


In 50 Years, Frankincense Could Be Snuffed Out
atlasobscura . com/articles/frankincense-resin-is-endangered

Why We Need to Stop Using Palo Santo
forageandsustain . com/why-we-need-to-stop-using-palo-santo

Saving the East Indian sandalwood tree
botany . one/2013/07/saving-the-east-indian-sandalwood-tree

Aromatic Copals - Copal
biodiversidad . gob . mx/v_ingles/use/copales/copal_ingles.html

The Temple of Peace in Rome By Pier Luigi Tucci
books . google . com/books/about/The_Temple_of_Peace_in_Rome.html?id=Q3Q6DwAAQBAJ

Orphic Hymns - Theoi Classical Texts Library
theoi . com/Text/OrphicHymns1.html

Incense of the World - Incense on the Way (cinnamon search)
incenseontheway . com

i Shop Indian
ishopindian . com


Temple of Fortuna dot com's organization statement does not appear to include discriminatory rhetoric, and the organization does not support discrimination.

2017 to 2018 Fiscal Year Annual Tax Return

Fiscal Year Nov 1 2017 to Oct 31 2018

2016 to 2017 Fiscal Year Annual Tax Return

Fiscal Year Nov 1 2016 to Oct 31 2017

Adapted Tree Ritual and Memorial

In respect for the recent passing of Raymond Buckland, a prolific author and one of the first to write about Paganism within the USA.

Roman Calendar Widget Script

The original calendar was created by Laura Gibbs of at website. (

2015 to 2016 Fiscal Year Annual Tax Return

Fiscal Year Nov 1 2015 to Oct 31 2016

Offerings and Correspondences for the Goddess Fortuna


Frankincense was suggested as an offering to Tyche (Fortuna) in the Greek fables of Aesop and also the Orphic Hymns.

Ovid's Roman Calendar

Publius Ovidius Naso wrote a number of texts in Latin poetry, some of which may pertain to a Roman Reconstructionist interpretation of NeoPaganism.

Introduction to Ovid and the "Fasti"

Publius Ovidius Naso wrote a number of texts in Latin poetry.

Invocation to the Goddess Fortuna

This is an invocation sequence similar to the recorded online Temple rituals. It is shared as a guideline for personal invocations, and may also be adapted for use by groups.

Goddess Sundays at Temple of Fortuna dot com

On Sundays, between 11am and 12pm, the altar candles are lit, frankincense is burned and fresh flowers, when in season, are offered to the Goddess Fortuna.

Temple of Fortuna Receives Goddess Gift from Artist in Rome, Italy!

An original painting and signed print have been donated to Temple of Fortuna dot com

Inviting all priestesses and priests of the Goddess!

This post has been updated.

We are providing a regular church-style worship service for Our Goddess Fortuna. Many of our listeners enjoy the archived show, which allows our congregation to attend worship services at a convenient time from the privacy of the home. Our worship service program is available at our subscriber's blog. Our listeners are encouraged to join the social networking group, to network and get to know each other, just like an online NeoPagan church!

Visit our website for information on how you can subscribe to our organization. Our religious leader is ordained clergy (with a different organization), and we have included a Latin history lesson from our temple historian (who is in college) in some of the services. It is our hope to increase the number of our regular congregation of listeners, and our website membership, with a Sunday worship service every week. We welcome you to listen and invite your friends.


If you are shy, there is no requirement for socialization; you are equally invited and most welcome to listen.


If you are Not shy, and want to be a part of our worship services as either a guest or a regular part of the show, or want us to play your original Pagan or new-age music, you are also welcome! We will be sure to include you in the credits for every show in which you participate.

update: we have finished recording one year of audio. Subscribers who wish to assist with final podcasts or videos for the second year, please contact Temple of Fortuna dot com through the email address at the contact page.

For the convenience of our contributors, we have received podcasts by email, and replayed them on the show. This allowed our contributors to keep their Sundays free for other activities, while still participating in our worship services.

We will consider all people who want to speak on their goddess, with preference for Priestesses and Priests who actively worship either as a group leader, a member of a group or a solitary. Any thought you may give for how your favorite deity (or deities) may syncretize with our Goddess will be appreciated.

Thank you in advance, we look forward to meeting you!

Aspects of the Goddess Fortuna

Her name is, perhaps, derived from Vortumna, She who revolves the year.

Sunday Services Have Started!

Our dream to hold Sunday services has been realized!

update: Seasonal Worship Services recordings are archived and accessible through links at the Worship Page on this website.

Temple of Fortuna is now holding internet radio services. These services are currently hosted and performed by ordained clergy member, Mama Fortuna.

The live broadcasts will be aired at 2:00pm most Sundays. We are deciding whether the format should be 15 minutes, 30 minutes or 60 minutes, and we are trying out a different time lengths until we find what works best. The live broadcast can be replayed at any time by clicking the blogtalkradio links on the home page or on the blog. This will allow the service to be attended at a convenient time from the privacy of the home.

We are very excited to see this wonderful dream come to life after only 2 months online!

Many, many thanks to the online radio people for making this option available to us.

Our thanks are also extended to our referrals for making us aware of online radio.

May the goddess be with you. Blessed be!



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